For most Chinese, work was circumscribed to hard manual labor. But for a few, somewhat more urban jobs were available: in housework, cooking, laundry-cleaning, gardening and/or selling vegetables. Thus it came that the outskirts of the city were apparently ringed with makeshift dwellings where the Chinese grew vegetables which they sold in the city.
A Chinese garden and shanties at present-day S.W. Salmon & 18th, c.1905.
These gardeners actually supplied a significant degree of Portlanders with their fresh greens. Vendors would sell them from two large baskets, each suspended from a long pole, which was then slung over a shoulder.